Architectural styles influenced by cultural movements

Influence of Cultural Movements on Architectural Trends

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The inclusion of culture in design has a great role in the architecture field. And the trends include designing for specific groups of people and which are suitable for diverse cultures. Everyone knows that culture changes with time and thus architects need to understand the importance of cultural diversity. Students need to learn the diverse design philosophies and building practices which help them to design by acknowledging the values and beliefs of the society. The architecture colleges in Coimbatore provide the students to connect past and present insights on how construction materials and spatial arrangements evolve with cultural diversity. This article highlights how culture influences architectural trends.

Cultural Factors Imprinting Architecture with Distinct Styles:

Architectural aesthetics and functional goals change as cultures evolve through generations as a result of shifting political ideologies, new values, the demands of modern technology, and international idea exchanges. These changes result in new cultural paradigms about what constitutes the ideal living conditions in each location and era.

From ancient civilizations to modern-day cities, the way people live and cultural values are reflected in buildings. Therefore, Let’s discuss how the influence of culture on architecture shaped it throughout history. 

Here are Cultural Factors Imprinting Architectural Styles: 

Historic inspirations: The great influence of culture began in places of worship like churches, mosques, and temples. The symbols utilized in the form of reliefs and artwork that expose the traditional style serve as a functional explanation of the purity and dedication towards the beliefs, as demonstrated by the intricate ornamentation on the roofs of the buildings through sculptures. The centuries-old modern minimalism movement has had an impact on modern architecture.

Socialism: Various social interactions are provided by architecture, with the layout being influenced by cultural hierarchies. The contemporary practice of building glass walls in public spaces to encourage social interaction simply by glancing at the area as one passes by, which easily reaches out to the crowd, is also influenced by the fusion of traditional and contemporary styles, which creates a new culture itself.

For instance, the outside area is divided into public and private functional rooms, following the high privacy of traditional Arab countries in the Middle East and the southern region of India with its inverted facade design.

Construction techniques: Every region’s reliability originates from the local craftsmanship and resources that influence the selection of materials and techniques. Because they have a lot of wood surrounding them, places like Japan and Russia use traditional building materials like wood, bamboo, and timber, while the Middle East uses sandstone, palm fronds, and coral.

There is a connection between architectural style and the process of creating unique cultural heritage. The methods have not been employed because they are common; instead, they interact with the local climate.

Regional influence: One of the primary ways that various countries’s distinct cultures appear is through their architectural styles. In the past, there was a clear cultural influence on architecture.

For instance, the open courtyards found in Asian homes, the robust Greek columns, and American federal architectural styles.

The Parthenon, one of the oldest constructed buildings still standing today, is portrayed in classical Greek architecture. In ancient Greece, the Athenians possessed a superior culture, and the temple was constructed in memory of the goddess Athena.

The enormous constructions known as the pyramids were erected to support the Pharaonic belief in the hereafter. The construction methods continue to astound, and they have influenced the local culture.

Technological innovations: The ability to build is being transformed by new technologies, which are broadening cultural ideas of the perfect home. Just as strengthened concrete previously increased spatial flexibility in comparison with the limitations of load-bearing walls, steel made modern skyscrapers possible.

Innovations in cladding, such as artificial concrete, keep changing the options for the outside. Today’s 3D-printed houses are a source of cultural excitement, but the possibilities of the future are still architected until they are created. The development of building technologies raises the bar for cultural norms regarding living conditions.

Sustainable architecture: People across the world are prioritizing environmental responsibility, and as a result, shared cultural commitments that value conservation enhance environmentally friendly design that uses renewable materials and integrates land responsibly. Nowadays, people choose to integrate agricultural land with diverse cultural elements in architectural designs. This is evident in various sustainable initiatives such as solar energy doors, health centers with green roofs, housing made from upcycled shipping containers, and entire eco-cities designed to maximize accessibility and utilize green power sources. 


Contemporary buildings take inspiration from historical architecture designs that highlight the unique aspect of location and cultural importance. This shows that culture influences architectural trends. Now, society needs architects who can address every stage of construction, from foundation to furnishings. Digitally connected world features show post-modern revivalism, sustainable ethics, and multicultural fusion.

Karpagam Architecture College offers the best B.Arch. program in Coimbatore, where you can learn, inspire, and develop your architectural skills.



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