Architectural Styles Through Ages: From Gothic to Contemporary - Evolution of Design.

Architectural Styles Through Ages: From Gothic to Contemporary

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The evolution of architecture came across a wide range of geographical and cultural contexts. Still, some of us think of architecture in terms of visual attractiveness when people had stopped living in cages and began to design homes. The growth of architecture eventually turned into more comfortable, elegant and modern. Also, you can find parallels between architectural and human history. The detailed concepts of how architecture styles have evolved and scopes for architects in the contemporary scenario, you may find while pursuing in the Architecture Colleges in Coimbatore. The historic architectural styles speak history which includes religions, and spirituality broken down into shapes, designs and colour utilized. What’s new in this article? Here is a glimpse of the evolution of architectural styles: a quick guide.

Let’s begin with the architectural style’s definition.

The representation of an art in the form of buildings and structures are historically identifiable. Architectural styles have different features and genres, including materials, regional character, form, method of preparation, etc. Now the growth of the fashion period has evolved and its architecture field has adapted to the new ideas as well. Let’s discuss the architectural styles, features and singularities.

Gothic Culture:

Gothic culture is one of the ancient architectural styles. It is based on the frame construction with vaults, high windows, pointed arches, carvings with religious themes and top-pointed upwards. Romanesque Architecture, which first appeared in the northern French region of the Ile-de-France in the 12th century, is the ancestor of this architectural style. This particular style, well-known for its remarkable engineering advancements, gave rise to lighter walls and ceilings, larger buildings with greater areas, and more effective use of building resources. Gothic structures still exist today. Two significant instances are the Adare Friary in Ireland and the Chartres Cathedral and Dame Cathedral in France.


The birthplace of Baroque Architecture was Rome, from where the architectural movement extended to other nations. Magnificence and sophistication are recognized in Baroque architectural design styles which were initiated in Italy in the 16th century by Michelangelo. It emerged almost simultaneously with classicism as an alternative. The Trevi Fountain and the Santa Susanna church in Rome, Germany, St. Peter’s Square in the Vatican, Berlin’s Cathedral and Madrid’s royal house in Spain are the most famous examples of Baroque Architecture.


The fundamental principle of Minimalist Architecture is to remove only what is absolutely necessary; every component should be able to fulfill a wide range of purposes. This architectural style places a great deal of emphasis on the selection and quality of materials. In this minimalist architectural style, natural materials like stone, wood, glass or marble are used. This style of architecture is used in commercial centers, workplaces, private residences and public structures. The most famous examples of minimalist architecture include the Dupli Casa in Germany, the Apple Store on Fifth Avenue in New York City and the Teatro Armani in Milan.

Neoclassical Style:

Neoclassicism embraced the guidelines of simplicity and light handling. The primary benefit of the new architectural style is its rejection of certain earlier forms of excessive quantity of decorative components. Experts used the structure of the system as a foundation, striving for harmony while paying attention to symmetry and proportions. The White House in the United States is among the most prominent structures built using the design language of neoclassical architecture.

Indian Architecture:

India’s architectural heritage has grown throughout the years in diverse cities and areas. The Mohenjo-Daro and Harappan civilizations’ urban designs contain the oldest traces of evidence of Indian Architecture. Indian architecture’s early stages can be found in classical Sanskrit texts on Vastu Shastra. The development of early architectural styles for stupas, viharas, and chaityas by the rise of Jainism and Buddhism. Indian architecture’s classic examples are the temples that date back more than a millennium.

Modern Architecture:

Simple shapes and the development of decorations through the themes and structures of the building are the main features of Modern Architecture. Buildings designed for companies in the 21st century show the impact of modern architecture. For instance, you can find the uniqueness of modern architecture in the various movements that comprise Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright. Modern building technology includes advanced machinery, plants and equipment along with the innovation, and intricate but durable materials that have made modern architecture feasible.

What future holds?

The characteristics of contemporary architecture include an environmentally sustainable approach and designs that focus on the human, innovative use of new materials in construction and the emotional aspects in the interior designs. You can get to know this technology intervention architecture when you are pursuing it in the top Architecture Colleges in Tamil Nadu. The above-mentioned architectural styles give you a trend line of evolution of how architects reshape the construction field. However, various building designs, both ancient and contemporary, serve as memories of particular architectural eras that gave rise to a number of still-relevant architectural styles.



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